Sunday, 17 August 2008

Indian History: Dravidians Came First


August 17, 2008
By Syed Akbar
Hyderabad, Aug 16: Dravidians are the modern representatives of the earliest settlers of the Indian sub-continent dating back to more than 60,000 years before present (BP).
A research study by the Anthropological Survey of India revealed that Dravidians along with tribes of southern and eastern region and those who speak Austro-Asiatic languages still harbour the genes that were inherited from the earliest settlers in India. This in other words means that Dravidians and certain tribal groups have been inhabiting the land for thousands of years now.
"The Last Glacial Maximum (period between 18,000 and 21,000 years ago) aridity and post LGM population growth mechanised some sort of homogeneity and redistribution of earliest settlers’ component in India.
The migration triggered by agriculture and associated technologies around 3,000 years before present, which might have marginalised hunter-gatherer, is coincidental with the decline of earliest settlers’ population during this period," Dr VR Rao, director of ASI, told this correspondent.
The "out of Africa" model postulating single "southern route" dispersal posits arrival of "Anatomically Modern Human" to Indian subcontinent around 66-70 thousand years before present. However, the contributions and legacy of these earliest settlers in contemporary Indian populations, owing to the complex past population dynamics and later migrations has been an issue of controversy.
The high frequency of mitochondrial lineage "M2" consistent with its greater age and distribution suggests that it may represent the phylogenetic (evolutionary) signature of earliest settlers. "Accordingly, we attempted to re-evaluate the impact and contribution of earliest settlers in shaping the genetic diversity and structure of contemporary Indian populations," he said.
This is the first time that an entire mitochondrial DNA lineage has been sequenced for a research study. Of the known Mitochondrial lineage in India, M2 with an estimated age of about 50,000 years is the oldest and largest in its class. The distribution of M2 is significantly more pronounced in southern part of India as compared to north.
The frequency of M2 among the Brahmin and Kshatriyas of Andhra Pradesh is not significantly different from that of other caste and tribal populations of the region. However, it is absent among the Brahmins and Kshatriyas of the northern states of India, while the frequency reaches nearly three per cent among other caste and tribal populations of the region.
He said the time depth and diversity of M2 lineage among the studied tribes suggested that the tribes of southern and eastern region along with Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic speakers of central India are the modern representatives of earliest settlers of India via proposed southern route.

3 comments:

maddy_madheaven said...

well said sir,


there must be some movement to reveal the truth to the world, i m not trying for any conflict, but the dravidians must be given there true space in the history

Sandeep varma said...

ANDHRA KSHATRIYA ARE NOT DRAVIDIAN THEY HAVE MIGRATED FROM RAJASTHAN DURING 6TH CENTURY GENITIC STUDIES CONDUCTED BY ANDHRA UNIVERSITY PROVED THAT ANDHRA UPPER CASTES ARE MORE SIMILAR TO EUROPEANS THAN TO ASIANS UPPER CASTES MEANS BRAMINS KSHATRIYAS AND KSHATRIYA ARE MORE EUROPEAN THAN ANY OTHER CASTES

Sandeep varma said...

andhra kshatriyas migrated during 5th century from rajasthan andhra upper castes are more similar to europeans than lower castes upper castes are bramins and kshatriyas this is proved by gene test conducted by andhra university and andhra caste system are based on genes and said kshatriyas are more european than any other castes

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